Monday, 9 December 2013

Tutorial 9 December 2013

Tutorial.
Website.
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https://soundcloud.com/drtmcf/9-december-2013

Tonight we wrote 4 essay plans and anwered an EMQ.



6
EMQ 6. Confidentiality & Consent.
19
With regard to precocious puberty.
1.      What is the definition?                                      4 marks.
2.      Critically evaluate the main causes in a girl. 6 marks.
3.      Outline the investigation of a girl with PP.   4 marks.
4.            Outline the main issues in the management of a girl with PP.        6 marks.
20
In relation to diagnostic laparoscopy, critically evaluate
1. the issues to be discussed in obtaining informed consent.              4 marks.
2. the factors that increase the incidence of entry-related injury.      4 marks.
3. how entry-related injuries may be minimised                                                  12 marks
21
Critically evaluate the statement: “fortification of flour is overdue in the UK”.
22
With regard to Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE):
1.  outline the clinical manifestations of SLE.             4 marks.
2.  outline the implications of SLE for pregnancy .    4 marks.
3.  critically evaluate how the diagnosis is made.      4 marks.
4.  critically evaluate the management in the woman wishing to be pregnant.     8 marks.
4a.critically evaluate the management of a woman booking at 8 weeks.                8 marks.




Confidentiality.

Lead-in.
The following scenarios relate to confidentiality.
For each, select the number that best fits the scenario.
Pick one option from the option list.
Each option can be used once, more than once or not at all.

Option list.
This EMQ has not option list. This is to make you decide your answers. Send them to me and I’ll send my version including what I think an option list might have looked like.
Scenario 1.
A 15-year-old girl attends the TOP clinic requesting TOP. She is assessed as Fraser competent. After full discussion arrangements are made for her admission for TOP. She does not wish her parents to be informed. Her mother attends clinic 1 hour after the child has left. She demands full information about her daughter. The consultant has delegated you to deal with her. Which option best fits the action you will take?
Scenario 2.
A 17-year-old A-level student attends the gynaecology clinic requesting TOP. She is accompanied by her 30-year-old mathematics teacher, who is her lover and wishes to give consent. Which option best fits the action you will take?
Scenario 3.
A 12-year-old girl attends the gynaecology clinic with her mother seeking contraceptive advice. She has an 18-year-old boyfriend whom the parents like and she wishes to start having sex. Which option best fits the action you will take?
Scenario 4.
A 15-year-old girl who is Fraser competent is referred to the gynaecology clinic with a complaint of vaginal discharge. She reveals that she has been having consensual sexual intercourse for six months with her 18-year-old boyfriend. She asks for advice about suitable contraception as she is happy in the relationship and wants to continue to have sex. Which option best fits the action you will take?
Scenario 5.
You are the new oncology consultant and have just operated on the wife of a local General Practitioner for suspected ovarian cancer. The diagnosis is confirmed and you proceed with appropriate surgery. On completion of the operation you go to the surgeon’s room for a coffee. The senior consultant anaesthetist who was not involved in theatre but is the Medical Director and tells you he is a close friend of the woman, asks what the diagnosis and prognosis are. Which option best fits the action you will take?
Scenario 6.
You are phoned by a doctor looking for information about his wife’s results from the booking clinic she attended two weeks ago. He says that she has given consent for disclosure. She has given a history of 2 terminations but no other pregnancies. She is Rhesus negative, but has Rhesus antibodies. Which option best fits the action you will take?
Scenario 7
You are phoned by a doctor looking for information about his wife’s results from the booking clinic she attended two weeks ago. He says that she has given consent for disclosure. Her serology tests have proved +ve for syphilis. You have spoken to the consultant bacteriologist who says that they have run confirmatory tests and they are +ve too. He is sure the woman has active syphilis. Which option best fits the action(s) you will take?
Scenario 8
A 15-year-old girl attends the TOP clinic requesting TOP. She is assessed as Fraser competent. After full discussion arrangements are made for her admission for TOP. She does not wish her parents to be informed despite your best efforts to persuade her. Who will give consent for the procedure?
Scenario 9
An immature 15-year-old girl attends the gynaecology clinic requesting TOP. She is accompanied by her 25-year-old sister who is a lawyer with whom she has been staying since she knew she was pregnant. She does not want her parents to be informed. The girl is assessed as not Fraser competent. The sister says that she is happy to act in loco parentis and to give consent. Which option best fits the action(s) you will take?
Scenario 10
A 25-year-old woman with Down’s syndrome attends the clinic accompanied by her mother. She has menorrhagia and copes badly with the hygiene aspects. The menorrhagia is bad enough for her now to be on treatment for iron-deficiency anaemia. She has tried all the standard medical methods. To complicate the problem, she has become close friends with a young man she has met at College, to which she travels independently each weekday. Her mother fears that she may already be involved in sexual activity and cannot get an accurate answer from her about it. The mother is keen for her to have hysterectomy to deal with both problems. If you agree that the surgery is appropriate, who can give consent?
Scenario 11
A 25-year-old woman with Down’s syndrome is admitted from College after collapsing. The clinical features are of ectopic pregnancy and she states that she has UPSI with her boyfriend of six months. She has tachycardia and hypotension and it is felt that she should have urgent surgery. You reckon that she is not competent to consent for surgery. Who can give consent?
Scenario 12
A 25-year-old woman with Down’s syndrome is admitted from College after collapsing. The clinical features are of ectopic pregnancy and she states that she has UPSI with her boyfriend of six months. She has tachycardia and hypotension and it is felt that she should have urgent surgery. You reckon that she is not competent to consent for surgery. What limits are there on the surgery?


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